Tehran National Parks
Tehran Topography Map

Tehran’s National Parks and Protected Regions

Tehran is home to several national parks that offer a respite from the hustle and bustle of the city. Here are some of the most popular national parks in Tehran:

1-Lar National Park

Lar Dam - Damavand Mountain Landscape Photography


Lar National Park (Persian: پارک ملی لار‎) is a protected area nestled in the Central Alborz mountain range at the base of Mount Damavand in northern Iran. Covering 30,000 hectares (74,000 acres), this pristine park has been a national treasure since 1976 and a designated protected area since 1982 by the Iran Department of Environment

  • Lar National Park lies in the heart of the Central Alborz mountain range, with the majestic Mount Damavand towering above it.
  • The Lar Dam and reservoir are also situated within the park’s boundaries.
  • Accessible via Haraz Road (Road 77), the park offers a gateway to breathtaking natural beauty.

Flora and Fauna:

  • The park hosts a diverse ecosystem, including one of the rare species from the fish family Salmonidae.
  • Its pristine landscapes and abundant wildlife make it a haven for nature enthusiasts and conservationists alike.

Whether you’re an avid hiker, a wildlife enthusiast, or simply seeking solace in nature, Lar National Park promises an unforgettable experience in the heart of Iran’s natural wonders


2-Varjin Protected Area

Wildlife of Varjin Protected Area Mountain Ian
Mountain Goats -Varjin Protected Area-Central Alborz MTS

Varjin Protected Area (Persian: منطقه حفاظت شده ورجین) is a pristine natural sanctuary nestled in the Central Alborz mountain range, just east of Tehran, Iran. Let’s explore this hidden gem:

  1. Geographical Beauty:
    • Varjin lies beyond the Goochak Pass, in the scenic Lavasanat region.
    • Accessible via Haraz Road (Road 77), it’s a gateway to breathtaking landscapes.
  2. Mountains and Peaks:
    • The area boasts 37 named mountains, each with its unique charm.
    • South Kharsang stands as the highest point, while Mehrchal is the most prominent peak.
  3. Historical Significance:
    • Once a Royal Game Reserve, Varjin was cherished for its hunting grounds.
    • Since 1978, it has been a protected area, preserving its rich biodiversity.

Whether you’re an adventurer seeking mountain vistas or a nature lover yearning for tranquility, Varjin Protected Area promises an unforgettable experience amidst Iran’s natural wonders


3-Alborz Markazi Protected Area

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Central Alborz Mountains

Alborz-e Markazi Protected Area (Persian: منطقه حفاظت شده البرز مرکزی) stands as one of the most significant protected regions within the Alborz Mountain Range. Let’s delve into its captivating features:

  1. Geographical Marvel:
    • Alborz-e Markazi stretches from the northern outskirts of Tehran city all the way to the Caspian Sea.
    • This vast expanse spans across three provinces: TehranAlborz, and Mazandaran.
  2. Biodiversity Abounds:
    • Covering approximately 400,000 hectares, this protected area harbors a rich tapestry of life.
    • 48 mammal species156 bird species1,400 plant species, and 26 reptile species thrive in this diverse ecosystem.
    • Rivers meander through the landscape, making it a vital water source11.
  3. Majestic Peaks:
  4. Adventure Awaits:
    • Adventure Iran, a pioneering tour operator, curates exhilarating experiences in this region.
    • From mountain trekking to mountain biking and ski touring, Alborz-e Markazi offers year-round adventures.
    • Explore off-the-beaten tracks, witness breathtaking vistas, and immerse yourself in Iran’s natural wonders.


4-Sorkhe Hesar Park

Damavand acclimatization trekking tour Tehran

Sorkheh Hesar National Park (Persian: پارک ملی سرخه‌حصار) is a natural sanctuary nestled near Ray, in the 20th District of Tehran, Iran. Here are some captivating details about this park:

  1. Geographical Marvel:
    • The park spans an impressive 9,380 hectares (23,200 acres).
    • It stands at an altitude of 1,547 meters (5,075 feet) above sea level.
    • Access to this serene haven can be gained via the Khojir Road and Qasr-e-Firoozeh Roads.
  2. Biodiversity Abounds:
    • The major portion of Sorkheh Hesar serves as a base for migrating birds during winter.
    • Various animals call this national park home, including Persian fallow deerred foxcape harePersian leopardgolden eaglehawk, and different snakes.
    • Although it used to be a hunting ground, today any hunting activity is strictly prohibited.
  3. Climate and Environment:
    • The area experiences a semi-arid climate, with significant day-night temperature differences.
    • The maximum annual average temperature in the region is 18.9°C (66.0°F).
    • The Jajrood River, also protected, flows through the park, passing the Latyan Dam and eventually leaving the area in Parchin Township.

Whether you’re a nature enthusiast, a birdwatcher, or simply seeking tranquility, Sorkheh Hesar National Park offers a slice of natural beauty in the heart of Tehran’s outskirts



5- Khojir National Park

Iran Off the beaten track destination


Khojir National Park is the oldest protected area in Iran, nestled on the southern slopes of the Alborz Mountains east of Tehran in Tehran Province. Let’s explore this remarkable natural sanctuary:

  1. Historical Roots:
    • Established as a wildlife reserve in 1979, Khojir was later promoted to a national park in 1982.
    • It covers an impressive 99.71 km² (38.50 sq mi) within the Jajrood River basin.
    • The park’s altitude ranges from 1,200 to 2,200 meters (3,900 to 7,200 feet).
  2. Flora:
    • Above 1,400 meters (4,600 feet), the landscape boasts the majestic Persian pistachio tree (Pistacia atlantica).
    • Other plant species include wild almond (Prunus lycioides)buckthorn (Rhamnus pallasi)Persian juniper (Juniperus excelsa)wild cherry (Prunus cerasus), and Cotoneaster bushes.
  3. Fauna:
    • Khojir is home to elusive creatures:
      • Persian leopard and Asiatic wildcat, captured through camera-trapping surveys.
      • Pallas’s cat, spotted for the first time in spring 2008.
  4. Unique Features:
    • The park encompasses the village of Khojir.
    • Interestingly, it also houses the Khojir missile production complex, owned by the Shahid Hemmat Industrial Group.

Whether you’re a wildlife enthusiast, a history buff, or simply seeking natural beauty, Khojir National Park invites you to explore its diverse landscapes and fascinating ecosystem


Best time for Hike

The same as Top Tehran Mountains and Trekking Trails post , spring and the beginning of autumn is generally the best time for hiking in the mountains under 3000m~ 3500m. For high peaks above that altitude, summer is the best season. 

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