Mount Damavand (5,610 m)
Mount Damavand is the highest mountain in Iran and the whole Middle East. It is also the highest volcanic cone-shaped peak in Asia. Located 104km northeast of Tehran in the Central Alborz Mountains, thanks to its volcanic nature Damavand and its surrounding area are rich in hot and cold springs. Large sections of the mountain’s slopes are covered with sulphur, which explains the sulphur odour. There are also glaciers, waterfalls and geysers.
There are 16 recognized routes for ascending the Damavand peak and many accounts and stories from many those who have reached the summit. The mountain itself is subject of many mythical and folkloric tales.
Damavand slopes are most beautiful in the spring and the views from the top are breathtaking, the Caspian Sea to the north, the Lar Lake and the sprawling city of Tehran to the west and vast Dasht-e Kavir desert to the south. The ascent will be truly memorable and enjoyable.
The most popular ascent route is along the Damavand’s southern slope. Here there are more facilities, Iranian mountaineering federation base camps and 4×4 vehicle access to the 2nd base. Before ascending Damavand, one must first complete the acclimatization program.