Cultural Landscape of Hawraman/Uramanat UNESCO World Heritage Site (Reg: July 2021)   Hawraman (also called Uraman) is the name of the historical valley located in the mountains shared between the two provinces of Kurdistan and Kermanshah in the west of Iran. Uraman is the Kurdish word for Hawraman which is pronounced Huraaman and generally in

Alfons Gabriel (1894 – 1976) was an Austrian geographer and travel writer who made several trips to Iran’s deserts. Gabriel wrote five books about his trips and findings. His book, Durch Persiens Wüsten (1935), has been translated into Persian. On his second trip to Iran in 1933 he crossed Dasht-e Kavir (the Central Desert) where

Sven Anders Hedin, the Swedish geographer, topographer, explorer, photographer and travel writer arrived by paddle steamer in 1886. He journeyed to Persia twice in 1886 and 1890. In 1887, Hedin published a book about these travels entitled Through Persia, Mesopotamia and the Caucasus. Sven Hedin is Sweden’s greatest explorer and adventurer of all time. He

Iran was known as Persia during the Silk Road period. It was the main ring of the chain from East to West. It was strategically placed for the Silk Road trade with several routes passing through Iran’s ancient and beautiful country. Nowadays, Iran is no longer considered so famous for the Silk Road route compared

Iran is a multi-ethnic country, made up of different ethnic groups who live in every corner of the land. There are also umpteen types of nomadic tribes living in the various regions of the Alborz and Zagros mountain ranges. They consist of Bakhtiari, Qashqai, Shah Savan (Ilsavan nomads), Mamiand, Boier Ahmadi, Khamseh, Behmaiee, Mamasani, Kord,